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If you own an HSA, you’ll need to do some annual reporting to the IRS.
First, at the end of January, you’ll receive a Form 1099-SA from your HSA custodian; this form reports any money you took out of your HSA during the previous tax year. If you didn’t take any money out, you won’t get a form.
The IRS will ask you how much of the money on your 1099-SA was spent on eligible medical expenses. If you spent any HSA funds on non-eligible medical expenses, you’ll need to pay taxes on them and pay an additional 20% penalty on them if you’re under 65.
You’ll also receive a Form 5498-SA at the beginning of June (although in 2020, it was sent out in August), which reports contributions made to your HSA for the previous year. Form 5498-SA is sent at this time because you have until the tax filing deadline (in mid-July for 2020, in mid-April for other years) to contribute for the previous year. If you don’t make any contributions, you won’t get a form.
As the accountholder, it’s your job to report contributions and withdrawals on Form 8889 when you file your income taxes (your HSA custodian is not responsible for this). You’ll want to keep track of your contributions each year, since your Form 5498-SA won’t come until after you file your taxes. Also, you should store your receipts for eligible medical expenses to prove they were eligible if you’re audited by the IRS.
Watch the 2-minute video below for more tax information for HSAs. You can also browse the “Resources” section for commonly-used IRS forms and additional tax guidance.
Our custodial bank reports withdrawals on Form 1099-SA and contributions on Form 5498-SA. These forms are mailed to the account holder and the IRS. As the account holder, you are responsible for reporting contributions and withdrawals on Form 8889 when you file your annual income taxes. HealthSavings is not responsible for monitoring your contribution limits or withdrawals.
Form 1099-SA is mailed at the end of January.
Form 5498-SA is mailed at the end of May/beginning of June.